1. Both can be traded. Stocks and Bonds can be bought when they are first issued or traded on the open market. The value of either varies based on the health of the company and its perceived value, as well as yield. With regard to the latter, prices may vary depending on what competing investments are offering. When interest rates went through the floor in the last few years, stock prices and bond prices climbed, even if the effective P/E ratio or yield rates dropped.2. Both can be used to raise equity. In theory, an IPO is supposed to sell off equity stakes in a company so the company can build factories and start a business. Additional stock can be sold to expand. Bonds can be sold for the same reason. The reality of IPOs is that they are often self-serving, providing the owners of the company a means of cashing out. And as we will see, offering debt is often another way for the owners of a company to benefit themselves.3. Both represent ownership of the company, to some extent. This may seem non-intuitive at first as equity shareholders would seem to be owners and bond holders merely holders of debt - contracts to pay back a sum certain. But if you really wanted to "own" a company outright, you'd have to buy out all the shareholder and pay off all the bondholders. And in bankruptcy, a bondholder is often converted to a shareholder, ending up as an owner of the company.
1. Shareholders can vote, bondholders cannot. This is true, but unless you own a huge stake in a company, odds are your "vote" doesn't count for anything - anymore than my vote for President did, in a red State. The vaunted "control" is really illusory. And in fact, in bankruptcy, bondholders have more of a say than shareholders. In fact, shareholders often have no say, are wiped out, and any bankruptcy settlement often has to be approved by the bondholders (which nearly tripped up the GM reorganization).2. Bondholders are paid a fixed amount of interest. This is also true, but since bonds are traded, the effective yield depends on what you paid for the bond. When Mohegan Sun nearly went bankrupt, the effective yield on some bonds was over 200%. So the effective amount of money you get in interest is going to depend on the perceived value of the bonds, which is based on the perceived soundness of the company and also prevailing bond rates. That is, unless you bought an initial issue of a bond and held it to maturity - something few people do.3. Stocks can pay dividends. This is also true, but really a dividend is not to dissimilar from an interest payment. Dividends are going to be based on profitability, though, and interest payments are due even if the company is losing money. Note, however, some Directors have been known to declare dividends even as a company loses money! The amount of the dividend is at the discretion of the Board in most cases, and as percentage of share price will reflect market values (that is to say, share price will change based on profits and dividends).
4. Stocks can go way up in value, Bonds, not so much. If a company grows wildly and expands and makes huge profits, the stock value can go way up. It can also go way up if the stock is merely hyped by the media. It can also go all the way down to zero. There is more risk and volatility in stocks than in bonds. Bonds can go up in value, if interest rates drop, for example. If you are holding a 5% bond in an era of 2% returns, the value of your bond will increase - to more than you paid for it. If interest rates go up, your bond may be worth less.
(Other sites list Ford's "enterprise value" at $150 Billion and Tesla at $66 to $69 Billion, depending on whose site you are on. Note that these calculations put Ford at nearly three times the value of Tesla, not vice-versa!).